Just a few days after Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella’s memo to his employees was made public, comes the news of the company announcing the biggest ever layoffs in its 39 year history – 18,000 employees which forms 14% of the overall workforce. The last layoffs of 5800 had happened under the leadership of Steve Ballmer in the depths of recession in 2009. In the memo, Nadella pledged to make Microsoft the “productivity and platform company for mobile-first and cloud-first world”, in essence admitting that the lumbering giant which made its fortunes on the back of Operating System revenues, needed to change, and rapidly at that. Revenues and profits still remain robust at Microsoft, especially from the Operating System and Xbox divisions. However, the firm has failed to keep pace with more agile competitors such as Google and Apple.
The company announced that these cuts and asset-related charges would impact pre-tax earnings by $1.1-1.6 billion over the next 4 quarters. Wall Street and investors seem to like the flab-cutting exercise, rewarding the stock price with a 1.8% jump to $44.88 per share, its highest since the tech stock boom of 2000. CEO Satya Nadella is expected to meet and address the queries of the employees in the July 22 town hall meeting after the earnings conference.
- Two-thirds (66%) of the layoffs, which is about 12,500 will come from Nokia which will take care of the staff overlaps from the acquisition
- 1100 of the layoffs will come from Nokia’s Finland operations
- 1350 of the cuts will come from the Microsoft Seattle operations
- 5% of overall workforce (5,500) will come from non-Nokia operations
Where are the layoffs coming from?
- Nokia operations in the northern Finland city of Oulu will many cuts and in the future, the Nokia operations in Finland will come from Salo and Tampere cities. It will also reduce Nokia engineering work from Beijing and San Diego
- The experiment of launching Nokia X phones with the Android operating system has been closed down. This had put Microsoft in the unique position of supporting rival Google’s operating system
- Steve Ballmer’s pet project of Xbox Entertainment Studios that created television-like original programming for Xbox consoles with a workforce of 150-175 people will be shut down
- Major areas seem to be advertising sales, marketing operations, engineering team of Windows, and vendors & contract resources from security to engineering teams
The Nokia cuts are not really a surprise. The company had earlier announced that the plan was to save $600 million per year for 18 months after the $7.2 billion acquisition closed. In fact, the non-Nokia cuts of 5500 workers is being seen as a small number by the analysts, who expect deeper changes to turnaround the fortunes of Microsoft.
All the old-world technology giants – Microsoft, IBM and HP – are struggling to cope with a fast changing technology world. Release cycles which ran into years, have been shortened to months, with software updates being separated only by a few weeks. IBM has announced “workforce rebalancing” which is expected to cut 13,000 employees worldwide while HP is in the midst of a three-to-five year plan to reduce 50,000 employees from its 250,000 workforce. The old way of having a huge sales force and going through a long sales cycle and making millions on server deals and then piggybacking with Operating System revenues is a thing of the past. Coupled with this changing technology landscape, consumer behaviour has also become fickle, with usage patterns changing every few weeks, if not days. The companies that are riding this wave – Google, Apple and Samsung – were built at a different time, and hence come with less baggage.
The challenge for Microsoft will be to consciously de-focus on what is generating profits in the short-term, and focus on things that will hold it in good stead for the coming decade. Microsoft’s profit per employee ($220,800) is comparable to Google’s ($270,500), Google’s profits are coming from a place in the future while Microsoft’s are coming from a long-forgotten place in its past. CEO Nadella’s statement sums it up best – “Maybe the time has come for us to reinvent what they do, in spite of the fact that we have been successful”.
The impact on Microsoft employees in India is unknown as yet.
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