7 out of 10 workers lose employment during lockdown in Karnataka: an Azim Premji University survey
Seven out of ten (72 percent) workers in Karnataka reported having lost their employment during the COVID-19-induced lockdown, according to findings of a survey by Azim Premji University, in collaboration with ten civil society organisations.
In a statement, the university said it conducted "a detailed" phone survey of 5,000 workers across 12 states in the country, to gauge the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on employment, livelihoods, and access to government relief schemes.
The survey covered self-employed, casual and regular wage, and salaried workers, and it released the findings for Karnataka on Thursday.
Seventy-six percent of urban workers and 66 percent of rural workers lost their employment, the survey findings said.
For non-agricultural self-employed workers and wage workers who were still employed, average weekly earnings fell by two-third.
More than four in ten salaried workers (44 percent) saw either a reduction in their salary or received no salary during the lockdown.
Six out of ten households reported that they did not have enough money to buy even a weeks worth of essential items, according to the survey.
Eight out ten households reported a reduction in food intake, while less than three in ten vulnerable households (27 percent) in urban Karnataka received any form of cash transfer from the government, it said.
In summary, the disruption in the Karnataka's economy and labour markets is enormous. Livelihoods have been devastated at unprecedented levels during the lockdown. The recovery from this could be slow and very painful, the statement said.
As a response to the findings of this survey, the team which has conducted the survey suggested a universalisation of the PDS to expand its reach and implementation of expanded rations for at least the next six months.
It suggested cash transfers equal to at least Rs 7000 per month for two months, and proactive steps like the expansion of MGNREGA, the introduction of urban employment guarantee, and investment in universal basic services, among others.