This year, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) completed its four successful years, since its inception in 2014.
For the first time, a ministry created by the government, is keeping its core focus on converging all skill development initiatives in the country under one National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). Annually, more than one crore youth have been joining and benefitting from the Skill India program, a mission under the ministry to equip youth with skills for better livelihood.
Some of the key achievements of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship are:
I. Policy, Framework & Standards
Launch of the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2015: The first-ever comprehensive policy framework for skill development of the country.
National Skill Development Mission launched in 2015 by Prime Minister: The first-ever national implementation plan covering all states, territories, and people.
Common Norms launched in 2015 to provide harmonisation of training costs, processes, assessments, certification, and outcome. At present, over 20 ministries are implementing skill development schemes.
Common Norms Alignment with other schemes and programs. Eighteen out of 20 ministries aligned; Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) exempted because of its special nature.
Enforcement of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). More than 2,000 qualification packs developed in four years.
II. Programs & initiatives
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): It is one of the flagship schemes of the ministry aimed at providing free-of-cost skill training to over one crore youth in four years in 221+ job roles; offering short-term training between two months to six months.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK): It is an initiative towards the creation of ‘Model Training Centers’ with standardised infrastructure for delivery of skill development training to be opened in every district of India; aiming to make benchmark institutions that can demonstrate aspirational value for competency-based skill development among key stakeholders like industry and trainees.
National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS): The scheme is aimed to increase the involvement of industries and employers in engaging youth as apprentices and providing on-the-job skill training to create a ready workforce. The government reimburses part of the stipend paid by the employer.
Establishing Academic Equivalence: Skill India aims to make skilling aspirational and bring vocational training in equivalence with the academic education system, especially to provide horizontal and vertical mobility pathway to candidates pursuing vocational education. The Directorate General of Training wing under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) under Ministry of Human Resource Development have signed a MoU to put in place a system for academic equivalence to vocational/ITI qualification, thereby opening gateway to meet aspirations of ITI candidates to attain high academic qualification in addition to their skills. This MoU also opens pathways for ex-trainees of ITI, holding National Trade Certificate (NTC) to earn secondary/senior secondary qualification.
Capacity building in long-term skill development: One of the initiatives towards building capacity of the skill ecosystem is uniform nomenclature of all the skill institutes across country as National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs), and merging of NSTIs, with courses in ITIs, establishment of Indian Institute of Skills (IIS), and inspections and de-affiliation of various ITIs etc.
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