When YourStory wrote about Abhinav, CEO and Founder of Cardea Labs, a Bengaluru-based startup that builds ECG monitoring wearables, in 2013, things were very different (Read the Cardea story here).
“We knew we were building a beautiful product, but we were like ‘Who’s going to pay for it?’ But now, times have changed so much with crowdfunding platforms kicking in, startups like us can have customers even before the product is fully ready,” said Abhinav.
Unlike three years ago, when Abhinav was looking around desperately to find investors for his startups, now even the Government of India has embraced his idea and is financing him for it.
What’s happening in the sector?
Technology is getting compressed everyday. The macro trend started with huge computing machines, became smaller to fit a desk, shrunk further to sit on a lap, and now they fit in our palms and are sometimes even small enough to almost disappear when latched on to our clothes or body parts. The next step will be implants!
A report by Transparency Market Research predicts that the global wearable technology will reach US $5.8 billion in 2018, up from a valuation of US $ 750 million in 2012. This means a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 40.8% from 2012 to 2018.
While startups across the world try to grab a slice of the pie of this fragmented sector, Indian startups have just recently woken up to this wave. We’ve seen navigation shoes (LeChal story here), solar backpacks (Lumos story here), GPS tracker keys (Gecko story here), and many more, but there are still dozens of startups launching their devices every month.
Meanwhile, something to note is that most of the activity happening in this sector takes place in the health and fitness division.
A report published by Juniper Research in November 2014 states that global fitness wearables in-use will almost triple by 2018, compared to an estimated 19 million in-use devices this year.
Some startups even prefer to identify themselves as healthcare enhancers as opposed to wearables services providers.
“I wouldn’t say we are in the wearables space, but we would say we are in the healthcare and fitness space. Wearable devices are just the hardware platforms for building apps and services upon. Every industry and every nice segment will have its own wearable devices soon,” said Vishal Gondal, CEO and Founder of GOQii, a startup that offers contact with fitness coaches, in addition to their wearable device (GOQii story here).
What is the driving this boom?
- It all starts abroad, and slowly catches on in India. Many wearables startups in the Silicon Valley have been accelerated and funded in the recent past. These success stories motivate young entrepreneurs in India.
- Data scientists and big data enthusiasts all over the world realize that the data from these wearables are invaluable.
“The more personal the device is, the more intimate the data will be. This is a huge repository for data mining and big data analytics,” said Vishal of GOQii.
- The launch of the Apple watch, and other similar wearables by big brands, will create a whole new wave of devices. Some startups will try and replicate them, while others will try to better it. Since India is extremely price sensitive, affordable and lower priced models are going to flood the market.
Customer behavioral changes
- People are becoming more conscious about their health and fitness quotients, but at the same time they want to find shortcuts to tedious or redundant everyday tasks.
“We are restless beings, we don’t want to wait in queues, we don’t want to do anything that can be avoided, so I guess wearables and Internet of Things is a very promising sector for us,” said Abhinav of Cardea Labs.
Where are the wearables in India?
There are arrays of verticals in which wearable devices have made their debuts in the Indian startup ecosystem. Here are a few that are coming up soon.
Cardea ECG – A Bengaluru-based startup will launch the product, mirthym, which monitors ECG readings for arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
Launch: Around August/September.
Sportswave – A Delhi-based sports and fitness startup is planning to launch a Fitbit kind of wearable device to monitor lifestyle and activities.
ReTiSense – A Bengaluru-based startup, which builds shoe insoles to detect and prevent sports-related knee injuries.
Launch: Launched and closed a crowdfunding campaign on the Kickstarter platform.
Leaf Wearables – A Delhi-based startup run by four IITians that has built a safety pendant for women in distress situations.
Launch: Around May/June
Drona – A Chennai-based startup that has built a smart helmet using HUD (head-up display) technology. These helmets have multiple sensors for accidents and crashes, and also navigation systems.
Launch: Around June/July
NexGear – A Mumbai-based startup, which will help take and present photographs and videos on vacations and share them across platforms.
FinRobotics – A US-based Indian startup that builds a finger ring-like product that can control any smart device.
Launch: Already launched and closed a campaign on Indiegogo, the crowdfunding platform.
- Internet Of Things:
SenseGiz: A Belgaum-based startup that does tagging and tracking of items. It is similar to Gecko, another Indian startup in this space.
Launch: It is already available for preorder online.
What are the challenges?
- There are not many predecessors in this sector.
“We are learning by making mistakes, there is not much scope for copying because we are the innovators generation. Hence it is all trial and error,” said Vishal of GOQii.
- These hardware devices will flood the market, but the real goal is further sustenance.
“Like how Uber takes data from its cab rides and performs analytics on it, startups need to figure out how to build a sustainable ecosystem on top of the hardware, which is just an electronic dabba,” added Vishal.
- Talent acquisition is a big headache.
“Once you have an idea, it is very important to find the right resources to build the product because the talent pool in this sector is scattered across the globe,” said Abhinav of Cardea.He also added that things are changing with more and more academic courses and programs being added in this sector. For example, Prof. Kunal Mankodia from The University of Rhode Island will be launching a course on wearables, biosensors and Internet of Things.
- It is not easy to find mentoring.
“I think this is the case for most startups in the hardware space in India. There is not much expertise available to tap from. Even most investors say that they have very little or nil experience in wearables,” said Pradyumna Mahapatra, Co-founder, Drona.
How does the funding scene look?
Though the general consensus is that there is a dearth of funding for hardware in India, good news is that many investors have a futuristic approach to be willing to invest in some of the unique ideas.
“I think the wearable sector is bound to boom, and we are likely to see more and more interesting devices coming up in the future. As an investor, I know that these startups are a good investment also because large companies like Google and Facebook are constantly looking for unique players. And any exit from these biggies means a great ROI for investors,” said Ritesh Malik, angel investor in FinRobotics, Cardea Labs.
Ritesh, who runs an investment fund called Project Guerrilla, has invested over US$2.5 million in 20 startups in India, out of which three were in the wearables space. He said he expected a lot of money to flow through this segment in coming years.
A glimpse into the future
Once the wave of hardware devices subsides, and the market is flooded with more than necessary options to choose from, the next boom will happen – integrations and big data analytics using wearable devices.
“There will be many services built on the device, and integrations with other businesses and services will create infinite opportunities for the next wave of startups. And not to forget all the data that can be mined from these devices and services,” said Vishal of GOQii.
Another sub-segment that will boom is the health biosensors segment.
“As time progresses, there will be so many sensors on the body, each tracking one problem, and the body surface will become a Body Area Network (BAN) for multiple sensors,” said Abhinav of Cardea Labs.
And then the mother of all wearable sensors will emerge, where one sensor will talk to each of the other sensors for data collection for bio analyses and processing.