Cataract is one of the most common eye problems. Moreover, it is the most prominent cause of loss of eyesight among middle aged people from all around the world. If someone develops the problem of cataract, it implies that his eye lens is clouding. Thus, it causes an ineffective eye sight.
How does cataract occur?
The lens of our eyes is build up of protein and water molecules. The arrangement of protein molecules is very discreet. Thus, our lens becomes able to focus light and pass it through for us to be able to see objects. However, due to various factors such as age, diabetes, smoking, excessive exposure to UV lights, etc. the protein molecules tend to wad together. That is why the vision begins to blur. If untreated, the problem of cataract can grow over the time. The clouding may grow to a wider area of the lens. Thus, cataract tends to cause partial blindness or even a complete loss of vision.
Treatment of Cataract
Corrective glasses, anti-glare shades, etc. can be used to cope with the first symptoms of cataract. Nonetheless, to entirely get rid of the problem, the most effective choice of treatment is a cataract surgery. However, the decision to undergo a cataract surgery must not be taken in haste. You may get your case examined by a doctor and choose to undergo the surgical treatment only if the condition is extremely problematic or may lead to other eye problems like diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
What is a cataract surgery?
A cataract surgery is a procedure of removal of the natural eye lens. The clouded lens is duly replaced by an effective artificial lens. At first, a tiny incision is marked on the front of the eye. Through this slit, a little tool is passed to break and suck out the cataract. Then, a new artificial lens is implanted in the eye. The artificial lens is made of plastic, acrylic or silicone. Once the new lens locates its position then the incision is sealed with stitches. The surgery does not last for hours on end. Moreover, the procedure of the surgery is simple and minimally painful. It is so because the surgeon uses anesthetics and medications to numb the eyes and relax the patient before the surgery.
How effective is a cataract eye surgery?
People often question the effectiveness of surgical procedures. However, in the case of cataract, you can be free of apprehensions. The procedure of cataract removal surgery is the most common surgical treatment for an eye problem. It is also safe and highly effective. Nonetheless, you can always concern your doctor and be double assured before undergoing the surgery.