More citizens have access to television than to tap water in India. Water is a serious and long ignored problem. The recent drought wreaked havoc on over 330 million people who were officially living under massive water crisis. 256 districts were declared drought hit. The reservoirs of Karnataka went dry, and Maharashtra witnessed the worst drought in its history, which was, shockingly, a man made one.
Most importantly, the recent drought has been an eye opener for many. With viable solutions like farm ponds, small dams and canals being implemented by government and citizen organisations, there is some hope that a solution will be found to the water shortage problem in India.
This brings us to the next question – that of clean drinking water. Over 663 million people, roughly 10% of the world's population, are at risk due to the lack of clean drinking water. An estimated 2,000 children under the age of five die every day from water borne diseases. While water availability is certainly a bigger problem in terms of number of people affected, solving it alone without addressing the larger issues of quality and sustainability is not enough.
Borewells and water tanker trucks have emergerd as viable solutions in the water-scarce regions of India, but the quality of the water delivered through these means can be easily compromised. Borewells can become irrevocably contaminated, while trucking in water from unreliable sources is both unsafe and unsustainable.