Entrepreneurship is not a cake-walk; we have seldom heard of a one-man show to be successful. Most times a startup is a journey of a team. Mostly people start their venture with their friends or like-minded people and formation of a partnership begins.
We all are aware that there are mainly two types of firms running in India. One is proprietorship firm, while the other is partnership firm. As partnerships are very common, we will try to give you a brief picture about its structure, benefits and requirements. In India, partnership firms exists in two ways.
One is unregistered partnership firm: This is very simple and is incepted simply by creating a partnership deed on stamp paper and getting it notarised, after which you may also apply for a PAN card.
After obtaining PAN card, it simply means your firm has been incorporated and registered under income tax also. Yes, it is simple to create but this firm still does not have a legal existence. The main disadvantage of this type of firm is that there is a bar that unregistered firms cannot prosecute any person or a firm.
Second type of partnership is registered firm: The registration of firm can be done in two ways, by the firm registering itself with Registrar of firm along with the requisite fees, or register LLP under the Ministry of Corporate affairs. The comparison between the two is explained below:
As per the view of legal existence, LLP is more preferable over registered partnership firm. Let’s have a brief understanding of LLP:
- LLP has a legal existence under MCA only, just like a company. So it’s a perfect mix of ‘corporate structure’ and ‘partnership firm’. It can be said that LLP is a hybrid of a company and a partnership firm.
- The major advantage of LLP registration is flexibility with legal enactments. LLP Act is more flexible for conducting business over Companies Act.
- A partner is not liable on account of any decision or action taken by other partners jointly.
- LLP cannot be made for a charitable or non-profit organisation. It has to be the objective of profit earning only.
- As in company, where every director should have DIN , in the case of LLP, every partner needs to take a DPIN (Designated Partner Identification Number).
- Firm/Private Limited/ Unlimited Public Limited Company can be converted to LLP.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs has provided us four entities, namely One Person Company, Private Limited Company, Limited Liability Partnership and Public Limited Company. Every entity has its own merits and demerits. The biggest drawback with LLP registration is that it cannot be converted to Private Limited Company due to which it cannot raise the fund from public as it has no equity which it can distribute in public.
(Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of YourStory.)
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