Daily current affairs for uspc | current affairs for IAS

29th Apr 2019
  • +0
Share on
close
  • +0
Share on
close
Share on
close

We provide daily current affairs beacause that Upsc IAS Examination most of the portion are form current affairs so we can understant that problem so now we do daily current affairs articles , News, quizes, etc Important for upsc IAS Examination


Why in the discussion?

Recently, scientists have succeeded in re-operating the cell function in the brain of dead pigs a few hours ago.

key points

  • According to researchers, this research can be used to help in the treatment of victims of heart attack
  • As soon as the blood supply cuts in the brain of human and large mammals, important cells essential for the nervous system.
  • But according to the findings of a test published in Journal Nature.

Testing

  • A team of NIH Brain (National Institutes of Health BRAIN), an American research program, tested it on 32 pigs.
  • They left dead pigs for four hours without blood or glucose flow.
  • After this, artificial blood flow was carried out in his body using a tissue helper system.

Conclusion

  • Using the said system the researchers received amazing results. This has restored the functionality of brain cells of pigs receiving artificial blood
  • The team also reviewed some local processes, including synapses and immune responses.
  • After this success.

Source: The Hindu


'Mars Base 1'




Why in the discussion?

A recent replica of Mars base in the desert hills in the Gansu province of Gobi Desert of China has been prepared.

key points

  • For the future astronauts, a Chinese company named Sea-Space opened "Mars Base 1".
  • It has a dome and nine modules on the basis of white, including a quarters, a control room, a greenhouse and an airlock to live.
  • At the moment it will be used for educational purposes but in the future it will also be expanded as a tourist destination.
  • It follows 'Mangal Gaon', opened in Qadam Basin of Qinghai last month.
  • It is known that Qinghai's Qadam Basin is a very hot and dry area. It is the world's highest desert. It is considered to be the best replica of Mars surface conditions.
  • 'Mars Base 1' will help students to tell how life can be on Mars.
  • China is investing billions of rupees in its military-operated space program, with the hope of establishing Crew Space Station by 2022.

Gobi Desert

  • Gobi is a desert area of ​​Central Asia. Gobi is a Mongolian word meaning 'waterless place'.
  • It spreads in large parts of both Mongolia and China.
  • Gobi Desert is surrounded by Altai Mountain in the north and grasslands of Mongolia and Tibetan Plateau in southwest and North China in south-east.


European countries dominate the talent index


Why in the discussion?

The Global Talent Competitive Index (2019) comprises 8 European countries in 10 countries that have top positions in the Global Talent Competition Index (2019).

Index topic/theme

  1. This time the theme of the index is 'Entrepreneurial Talent and Global Competitiveness'.
  2. key points
  3. Global Talent Competitiveness Index- 2019 was released by INSEAD Business School in collaboration with Tata Communications and Adecco Group.
  4. Under this index, the capacity of the countries is measured in the global talent competition.
  5. Countries with the top 5 positions in the index are Switzerland, Singapore, America, Norway, and Denmark, respectively.
  6. Why in the discussion?
  7. The Global Talent Competitive Index (2019) comprises 8 European countries in 10 countries that have top positions in the Global Talent Competition Index (2019). This index displays the domination of European countries' talent in the competition.


Index topic/theme

  • This time the theme of the index is 'Entrepreneurial Talent and Global Competitiveness'.
  • key points
  • Global Talent Competitiveness Index- 2019 was released by INSEAD Business School in collaboration with Tata Communications and Adecco Group.
  • Under this index, the capacity of the countries is measured in the global talent competition.
  • Countries with the top 5 positions in the index are Switzerland, Singapore, America, Norway, and Denmark, respectively.


Dangers of one million species of extinction: UN report


Reference


Recently released U.N. According to the report, due to human activities, the threat of extinction of ten million species is threatening. 


It has also been reported in the way how human has destroyed the natural resources on which our existence depends.


key points


  • According to the report, signs like clean air, potable water, forest absorbing carbon dioxide, rich in fish with protein, storm-resistant mangroves
  • pollination of insect pests indicate the climate change.
  • According to the report, biodiversity loss
  • global warming etc. events are closely related to each other.
  • On April 29, representatives of 130 countries will hold a meeting in Paris
  • During this, the scientific findings prepared on the state of nature will be examined. 
  • For this, the report of this report of 1,800 pages has been consolidated into 44 pages.
  • According to the report, we have to understand that the loss of climate change and nature is not only a matter
  • concern for the environment but is also concerned about the development and economic issues.
  • Disinvestment with livestock and agriculture is responsible for about one-fourth
  • greenhouse gas emissions and has also wreaked havoc on natural ecology as well.
  • Ecologists have warned that if current trends continue
  • then about half of all species on earth can be wiped out in the next 100 years.


Mass extinction event


  • The Intergovernmental Science Policy Plateform-IPBES report on
  • 'Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services' warns of 'rapid expansion in the global rate of extinction'.
  • Many experts are anticipating this 'mass extinction event'.
  • 66 million years ago the Cretaceous Period was the end, when 80% of the organisms were eliminated from this asteroid, which has no known cause.
  • Scientists estimate that approximately eight million
  • different species are found on the Earth, most of which are insects.


Population growth

  • According to the report, direct reasons for the loss of
  • species include habitat and land use changes,
  • hunting for food or hunting for illegal trade,
  • climate change, pollution and hunting species like mice, mosquitoes and snakes.
  • There are two major indirect factors of
  • biodiversity loss and climate change
  • including the increasing population of
  • the world and the increasing demand for consumption.
  • Due to the disruptive effect of global
  • warming, a rapid risk of organisms and
  • plants may arise in the future.
  • For example, if the average temperature
  • goes up from 1.5 ° C to 2 ° C, then the possibility of change in distribution of species will be doubled.


Global inequality

  • Other findings of the report include:
  • Three-fourth land surface, 40% marine environment and 50% of the world's inland waterways are 'seriously converted'.
  • There are many areas where human welfare will be compromised with nature. This will include the human habitation and the world's poorest communities (which are in the grip of climate change).
  • More than 2 billion people depend on fuel for wood, 4 billion people depend on natural drugs, and 75% of global food crops require animal pollination.
  • Due to human interference in the last 50 years, agreement has been reached with nearly half the land and sea ecosystem.


Iran expects rebate in oil imports


Why in the discussion?


Recently, the US has decided to discontinue the restriction of oil import restrictions, the Significant Reduction Exceptions (SREs) from Iran.


key points

  • In November last year, the US had given a concession to India and seven other countries for importing oil from Iran for a period of 180 days, which will end on May 2.
  • India, China, Japan, South Korea and Turkey will be most affected by this decision.
  • Three other countries - Italy, Greece and Taiwan (the countries currently discounted) have already zeroed their imports.


Effect of restriction

On Iran: The main source of Iranian revenue is the oil export which will come under the scope of the ban due to the ban.

On global oil supply: Iran's share in global oil production was 4% in 2018. There is likely to be an impact on global oil supply chains after Iran's sanctions.

There may be significant increase in oil prices due to interference in supply.

However, the world's three largest energy producers, the United States, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, have said they will ensure adequate supply in the global oil market.

The United States has said that it will curb financial strain on any institution or company that violates oil restrictions, in which companies prohibit the use of Swift Banking International Transaction System, the seizure of any American assets and transactions in dollars Such restrictions are included.


Influence on India

Oil supply for refineries: This decision of US is likely to have a great impact on India. The US has recently banned another top supplier of Venezuela, Venezuela. In these circumstances, the recent decision of the US can create problems for India.

Rupee and inflation: An increase in the import bill will put pressure on the rupee. Increase in crude oil prices will increase inflation.

India's response

After the ban on Iran in November last year, Indian oil companies have almost halved oil imports from Iran.

India's Petroleum Minister has said that India will also import from major oil producing countries other than Iran.



  • Facebook Icon
  • Twitter Icon
  • LinkedIn Icon
  • WhatsApp Icon
  • Facebook Icon
  • Twitter Icon
  • LinkedIn Icon
  • WhatsApp Icon
  • Share on
    close
    This is a YourStory community post, written by one of our readers.The images and content in this post belong to their respective owners. If you feel that any content posted here is a violation of your copyright, please write to us at mystory@yourstory.com and we will take it down. There has been no commercial exchange by YourStory for the publication of this article.
    Report an issue
    Authors

    Related Tags