Legal tips for drafting contracts in the startup world

This article aims to provide valuable legal tips concerning applicable laws for startups when negotiating and drafting contracts in India.

Legal tips for drafting contracts in the startup world

Saturday June 17, 2023,

4 min Read

In the fast-paced and dynamic world of startups, negotiating and drafting contracts is a critical aspect of business operations. Contracts lay the foundation for business relationships, protect rights and interests, and mitigate legal risks.

In the Indian legal landscape, startups need to navigate contract negotiations carefully to ensure favourable terms and compliance with applicable laws.

This article aims to provide valuable legal tips concerning applicable laws for startups when negotiating and drafting contracts in India.

Clearly define parties and scope

A well-drafted contract should clearly identify the parties involved and provide a comprehensive scope of the agreement. Startups should accurately describe their legal entity, incorporating details such as registered office addresses, official names, and company identification numbers as required under the Companies Act, 2013.

The scope of the contract should outline the obligations, rights, and responsibilities of each party, leaving no room for ambiguity or misunderstanding.

Understand applicable laws and regulations

Before negotiating contracts, startups must have a good understanding of the relevant laws and regulations governing their industry.

For example, technology startups should be familiar with the Information Technology Act, 2000, and its rules, which address issues related to electronic contracts, data protection, and cybersecurity. In the case of ecommerce startups, companies should be familiar with consumer protection laws. Adhering to these laws ensures compliance and protects the startup from legal disputes in the future.

Identify and address key risks

Every contract negotiation requires a thorough assessment of potential risks and liabilities. Startups should identify and address key risks specific to their business, taking into account applicable laws, including intellectual property infringement, confidentiality breaches, non-payment or delayed payment, termination rights, and dispute resolution mechanisms.

For instance, startups should consider incorporating intellectual property protection provisions under the Copyright Act, 1957, or the Patents Act, 1970, as applicable, to safeguard their IP rights, including ownership, usage, and confidentiality.

Non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) should be considered when sharing sensitive information with third parties. Additionally, contracts should address the assignment and licensing of IP rights, ensuring proper protection and utilisation under relevant IP laws such as the Trademarks Act, 1999 or the Copyright Act, 1957.

Negotiate favourable terms

Startups should approach contract negotiations with a clear understanding of their objectives and leverage negotiation techniques to secure favourable terms. Key areas for negotiation may include pricing, payment terms, delivery schedules, intellectual property rights, limitations of liability, indemnity, termination clauses, and dispute resolution mechanisms.

They should seek legal advice to ensure that negotiated terms align with their goals and protect their rights while considering applicable laws such as the Indian Contract Act, 1872.

Draft clear and concise contracts

Clear and concise contract drafting is essential to avoid confusion and potential disputes. Contracts should use simple language and avoid jargon or overly complex terminology.

Startups should clearly define the rights and obligations of each party, payment terms, delivery schedules, and dispute resolution mechanisms. Consideration should be given to specific clauses, including force majeure, indemnification, confidentiality, and non-compete, ensuring compliance with relevant laws and regulations.

Include appropriate dispute resolution mechanisms

Disputes are an unfortunate reality in business. Startups should include dispute resolution clauses in contracts to provide a clear roadmap for resolving conflicts. Options include negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or litigation.

The choice of dispute resolution mechanism depends on the nature of the contract, industry practices, and the desired speed and confidentiality of resolution. Consider relevant laws, such as the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, when drafting dispute resolution clauses.


Negotiating and drafting contracts is a critical aspect of managing legal risks and establishing successful business relationships for startups in the Indian legal landscape.

By following these legal tips and seeking professional legal advice, startups can ensure their contracts are well-drafted, protect their rights and interests, and comply with applicable laws and regulations.

Careful attention to detail during the negotiation and drafting process sets the foundation for long-term success and minimises legal disputes that may hinder growth and sustainability.

Sindhuja Kashyap is the Principal Associate at King Stubb and Kasiva.

Edited by Suman Singh

(Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of YourStory.)