There is nothing more gratifying than believing that you might have an invention; an invention that you might believe to be useful to and revered by an industry. Unfortunately, things aren’t as cut and dry.
You might have an invention at your hands, and that invention might be unique too. However, to transcend this creation of yours into a patent, into something that has strong, commercial and legal legs to stand on requires something a lot more substantial.
Through this article, we are going to tell you all about what makes an invention patentable.
However, there is a stark difference between the factors that allow an invention to be a patent and inventions that are allowed to be a patent.
1. Novelty: If any details of your inventions have been made public in any form, either through talk, blogs, or any other form of media where the public might know of its existence, it loses its novelty. Therefore, the very first factor for an invention to be a patent is “NO PRIOR PUBLICITY”. The novelty part of creation has become truly difficult due to all the fame and name internet shells out.
2. Inventiveness: How unusual and unexpected is the invention is what determines the essence of a patent. If your creation is truly unique in a way that no one who has almost the same knowledge as you wouldn’t have come to the same conclusion as you did, the invention is patentable. If your invention is unexpected enough, it is patentable. Making sure that your inventions are unique can be hard, but not harder than you would think.
3. Utility: Patent is a license given to inventions of the industrial nature. Therefore, from the very beginning, these inventions ought to have an actual practical utility to the industry. As the most obvious of the factors, it is quite easy to access.
The above factors dictate the definition of what sort of inventions can be considered a patent. However, things aren’t as straightened out as you would expect. I say this because if you go through the Section 3 of the Patent Act, you might come across some points that adhere to all three, but still won’t be considered for a patent. To that end, let us succinctly discuss the inventions that aren’t quite patentable:
A. Frivolous Invention: One of the factors of the patent is inventiveness. However, if you bring forward something that obviously contradicts the realistic laws of nature, we would know that the invention is a lie.
B. Exploitative invention: If the invention completely adheres to the three factors but somehow exploits the people is a commercial or a moralistic manner, then it would not be considered as a patent.
C. An arrangement or a combination of other inventions: If you combine different inventions, the resultant creation would have the properties of those inventions. This combination is quite obvious and totally contradicts the inventiveness factor.
D. Anything other than a microorganism: If your creation is a plant or an animal or their parts then they are not considered to be patentable. The only creations involving biology that can be considered for patent
E. A process: If you have invented a process that avails treatments of certain diseases, or a process that presents information in a new way, or a process that emphasis on a new way of agriculture, then the process, is not considered to be patentable.
F. A mathematical rule, or algorithm or a computer program: These creations might entail all the factors of a patentable invention but are not considered for it.
If you notice any point other than C and A, you would know that all other inventions mentioned here fall under the previously mentioned factors, but alas, they are not patentable.
It might be hard to find a sweet spot where your inventions adhere to all the given factors and not fall under section 3 of the Patent Act. However, if you read between the lines of that section, you would notice that the first step for the invention to be patentable is honesty. The second step is morality. Therefore, if your invention can be achieved and is ethical, you are closer to grant it a patent. As for everything else, you can protect it under other forms of Intellectual property rights like copyrights and trademarks.
So keep on building and your IP will be protected. It might not become a patent, but will be protected nonetheless.