Angel investor Raj Mashruwala says startups should focus on profitability
Entrepreneur and investor Raj Mashruwala says the Indian startup ecosystem is at the ‘platformisation’ phase, and urges founders to focus on healthy metrics and profitability.
Angel investor and Partner Emeritus at early-stage fundRaj Mashruwala believes startups should have a clear runway and path to profitability and growth, which can be achieved as the company grows.
Based out of Silicon Valley in the US, Raj helps Prime’s portfolio companies explore business synergies in the US market, supporting their growth and leveraging the base network in these markets.
Speaking to, Raj says,
“One-third of our (Prime’s) portfolio sees US as a target market and having synergies on both sides (India and US) can only help founders grow better. Further, from a base network standpoint, having a strong presence in the Valley or the US gives founders more advantage.”
Raj adds that from a growth standpoint, companies looking at the US for a customer base are also reaching a point where it is better for them to derive the next stage of equity funding from US-based investors.
This tends to help Prime portfolio companies go deeper into these newer markets and get the right guidance to spread their consumer base.
An IIT-Bombay and University of California, Berkeley alumnus, Raj has been an active angel investor himself. At present, he serves on the boards of Indian online fitness platformand Palo Alto-based non-profit land trust Peninsula Open Space Trust.
An advisor to several early startups in the areas of telecommunication, medical technology, and internet, Raj has also served on the boards of enterprise business, Silicon Valley-based software product company Kovair Software, and San Jose-based big data analytics venture Guavus Inc.
In 2008, he founded Mashruwala Investments, which focuses on deep tech angel and pre-seed investments in the US. The fund identifies tech opportunities and locates potential entrepreneurs, and is involved with the entrepreneur even before the company is incorporated.
Raj was also the Chief Operating Officer at TIBCO Software and led its initial public offering in July 1999 before retiring from the company as Executive Vice President. Before that, he co‐founded YieldUp International, a semiconductor equipment manufacturing company; Media Computer Technology, an ASIC design house; and Consilium, a Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) software provider.
Raj led Consilium’s R&D and professional services operations since the company's inception.
On investments in India
After mentoring entrepreneurs and seeing Indian startups evolve over the years, Raj believes that the ecosystem has matured considerably.
He says that there are multiple phases of a startup’s journey.
“The first base continues to be application-based, whether it is a particular problem that the startup is solving like transportation or hotel bookings, which also resonates with the investors. The second phase of growth is platformisation, where a startup keeps solving newer problem statements and brings these applications, on one platform. The third phase is where technologies of the future drive these platforms; these include deep tech, virtual reality, artificial intelligence, or even autonomous vehicles.”
Raj believes that the Indian startup ecosystem is at present at the second phase of “platformisation”.
His investment thesis
The horizontal play continues to be a part of Raj’s investment thesis.
An early backer of India’s fintech revolution, and the Chief Biometric Coordinator of UIDAI during the early days of Aadhaar, Raj believes that fintech can help power the growth and proliferation of crucial segments like healthcare.
Prime Venture Partners, back in 2016, first invested in Affordplan, a parallel financial product that aims to make healthcare accessible and affordable.
Apart from fintech, Raj is bullish on healthcare, automobiles, and automation.
“India is going to spend more on healthcare; a large part of India’s GDP will go in this sector and it is imperative. Second, with rapid urbanisation, there is a need for electric vehicles, and India will play this out differently, considering the unique challenges it faces. Finally, automation is more of a horizontal play and aims to remove friction, whether it is segments of security or others,” Raj says.
Prime’s recent investments in startups like apartment security management solution MyGate or reconciliation software startup Recko are examples of automation removing friction.
Indian corporates still not ‘strategic’
However, Raj believes there is still room for improvement when it comes to investments from Indian corporates in startups. He feels Indian corporates seem to miss the “strategic” value startups bring.
“Indian corporates don’t look at a startup as a strategic play, and what they can add to the ecosystem holistically. This is reflected in the amount of corporate investments Indian multinational conglomerates make in Indian startups. The way financial institutions like Goldman Sachs or technology majors like Cisco or Intel do it in the US is so different and planned out,” Raj says.
The problem with mid-stage funding
When it comes to funding, Raj opines that there was a need for startups to look at their fundamentals, especially in the mid and growth stage, and refrain from hyping metrics.
Globally, it is no secret that Softbank’s investment in ride-hailing giant Uber and real estate company WeWork hasn’t paid off, forcing the Japanese conglomerate to rethink its plans.
To counter this, Raj urges the need for healthy metrics and a focus on profitability for companies raising funds at the mid stage.
“The mid stage has the bottleneck. Good companies don’t need massive funding, if they are really focused on building the business, with profitability in mind. And if this happens, then the business grows and funds (even at a late-stage) come in gradually. The root cause of the problem is always over-hyping.”
He believes a healthy pipeline of mid-stage companies can correct the effects of late-stage hyped investments.
(Edited by Teja Lele Desai)