Andrew Ng and Elon Musk Share Differing Views on AI Moratorium

AI Pioneer Andrew Ng dismisses Moratorium, Advocates for Responsible AI and Transparency

Andrew Ng and Elon Musk Share Differing Views on AI Moratorium

Friday March 31, 2023,

3 min Read

As AI continues to advance with innovations like GPT-4, some voices have called for a 6-month moratorium on progress beyond this point. However, AI pioneer Andrew Ng believes this is a detrimental and impractical approach. By examining past instances of technological advancements, we can gain insights into why such a moratorium would be misguided.

While AI pioneer Andrew Ng opposes the 6-month moratorium on AI progress beyond GPT-4, notable entrepreneur Elon Musk has voiced support for such a pause. Musk, known for his ventures in electric vehicles and space exploration, has expressed concerns about the potential dangers of uncontrolled AI advancement. Despite his advocacy for the moratorium, Ng's perspective highlights the importance of considering historical precedents and the value of responsible AI development, transparency, and safety measures in addressing AI risks without stifling innovation.

Positive AI Applications:

AI has the potential to revolutionise industries like education, healthcare, and food, much like the internet transformed communication and commerce. For example, the World Wide Web's development in the early 1990s faced criticism and calls for regulation, but its continued growth and innovation led to life-changing advancements. Similarly, improving GPT-4 and advancing AI technology can create immense value and help countless people.

Implementation Challenges:

A 6-month moratorium on AI progress would be challenging to enforce and could require government intervention. This approach harkens back to the early days of the automobile, when the UK's Red Flag Act required a person to walk in front of a motor vehicle, effectively slowing progress. Ng argues that government intervention in AI could be similarly counterproductive, stifling innovation and setting a dangerous precedent for emerging technologies.

Responsible AI and Safety:

The AI community is well aware of the risks associated with AI. However, much like the majority of engineers and researchers who worked on nuclear power in the 20th century, most AI teams take safety and responsible AI seriously. Instead of halting progress, the focus should be on investing in safety while advancing technology, just as the nuclear industry has learned from its past mistakes and improved safety protocols over time.

Practical Alternatives to a Moratorium:

Instead of a 6-month moratorium, more practical solutions lie in regulations around transparency and auditing, similar to how the food and drug industries were regulated in the early 1900s. This approach led to the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the US, which has since protected consumers without stifling innovation.


A 6-month moratorium on AI progress beyond GPT-4 is an impractical and misguided proposal. Drawing lessons from past technological advancements, we can see that stifling innovation is not the answer. By promoting responsible AI, investing in safety measures, and implementing regulations around transparency and auditing, we can ensure the development of AI technology that benefits society without compromising safety.