No one on the surface of the earth doubts the future of the mobile technology. Having crossed a milestone already, where businesses could ignore mobile users a couple of years ago, today, if your business isn't mobile ready, you're in trouble!
Our lives revolve around smartphones and mobile applications today. Whether it’s about waking up in the morning, navigate through new routes or book a movie date, there's no task that we don’t need mobile applications for. Mobile apps have really made everything just a click away!
Mobile Applications basically are software applications that are designed to run on smartphones, tablets and other smart devices and make our daily activities really easy.
Pretty upfront? Well, it actually isn’t.
How about rewinding back a few years and see how it all began? How apps went through a dramatic change and development and became such a vital part of our lives?
Well, the first ever public cellular call was done on April 3, 1973, by Martin Cooper of Motorola in a promotional show in New York, America. However, it took about additional 10 years of extensive R&D, before this phone could actually rule the marketplace.
The Evolution of the Mobile Phones:
Psion EPOC: Apps first came with Psion’s series of handheld computers in the early 90s. EPOC was programmed in open programming language and allowed its users to make their own applications, which later formed the foundation of the Symbian operating system.
Palm OS: Palm arose as a major opposition to Psion in the PDA market with the Palm Pilot, its low-priced, lesser functionality range of PDAs.
Wireless Markup Language: The Wireless Markup Language was based on XML, which was developed in the late 90s for use in Wireless Application Protocol enabled devices by the WAP Forum.
Symbian: Symbian grew from the Psion EPOC operating system. Initially developed by Symbian Ltd – the operating system was nearly universal. It was Nokia actually, that drove the development of Symbian OS. The platform S60 was used on almost all Nokia handsets along with some LG and Samsung ones. The use of diverse, fragmented platforms, each with their own API, shows that there was no standard market place for apps.
The incompatibility of applications across diverse platforms and the incompetence to completely move to open source are perhaps what declared the death-knell for Symbian. Moreover, there were also issues with malware.
Nokia 808 PureView, the last Symbian smartphone ran the Nokia Belle updates using C++. But, this award winning phone wasn’t enough to extend Nokia’s peak success. Eventually, Symbian moved to OS, which is now license-only.
And this brings us to the present day Operating Systems:
Android: Based on Linux Kernel, Android started its life as a proposed advance operating system for digital cameras, until the company realized that their market was limited, as compared to that of the mobile phones in 2007. Yet soon Google faced a copyright infringement suit from Oracle for the Java compatible nature of the Android APIs.
iOS: Apple iOS set high standards for the new generation of smartphones when it released the first iPhone in 2007, with a touchscreen and direct manipulation interface. But, the iOS lineage started with NeXTSTEP, an object oriented multitasking operating system that was also responsible for developing world’s first web browser.
Emergence of the Application Houses
Applications in Symbian smartphones came as Features. Be it messaging apps, games or settings, it all were named as features of the phone. Though it seemed next to perfect at that moment, there soon arose a demand for third party apps, which could not be installed in these phones.
This is where the newer operating systems: Android and iOS came in with their respective application houses: Play Store and App Store.
These application houses made lives really easy by allowing downloading and installing any third party application that best suits the user. It is worth knowing that about 30-40% of the mobile applications available on these application houses are outsourced to India.
Outsourcing Mobile Development in India
One of the most striking factors that fascinate companies to outsource software projects to India is that the cost that is reduced to almost 30%, with access to world-class software engineers. It is not an option, but a smart decision. Outsourcing allows organizations to concentrate on their core issues. There are several processes within the SDLC. By outsourcing some of the least necessary processes to India, the control and profits can really mount up. The core reason for preferring India as a software development partner country to other competing destinations is a massive pool of educated human resources, combined with world class quality offerings and the ever inspiring Government policies for the IT sectors.
Outsourcing to India gives about 40 to 60% net savings and helps staying agile in the present global economy. Major differentiators such as fast-developing infrastructure, favorable government policies, and a hugely talented work force are accountable for the Indian IT outsourcing industry continuing to experience a fantastic growth rate of 25–30% per year.
Major Players in the Indian Market
Its good time that we get versed with the major players in the Indian mobile application development market. Decked are some of the most famous companies:
Seasia Infotech: Veterans in software and mobile app development services, Seasia Infotech aims to provide client satisfaction and integrity through their products and services, creating lasting relationships with their clients. They are a go-to for most of the clients from abroad. They hold a strong repute in the Indian market for their mobile application development, web application development, digital marketing, quality assurance, engineering services and more. It is worth knowing that Seasia is the only CMMI Level 5 accredited company in North region.
Signoryle: Signoryle takes special care creating high quality websites and mobile applications that reflect values and core principles of an organization. They are known for their quality, passion for work and professionalism.
5ines: 5ine is said to be known for crafting experiences that grow businesses by enhancing their brands and make the lives of the people easier with their powerful ideas. They design and develop professional websites and mobile applications and are passionate in enhancing the brand presence with their digital marketing services.
Webgen: Webgen is known to help their clients enhance productivity, boosting profits and facilitate growth by creating quality websites. They are specialized in planning, designing and implementing highly engaging and interactive experiences for the web.
Nextwebi: Nextwebi delivers high end software solutions to businesses. They offer the best class web solutions that can help any venture succeed.
BlazeDream: Established in 1999, BlazeDream is known to integrate creative thinking and technical excellence for delivering wide range of solutions for application development, business process management and digital marketing. Their pursuit to create innovative solutions for solving global challenges is par excellence.
Latest Trends in Market
Mobile application development is one of the most rewarding practices these days. With numerous people opting in for smart phones, this process is becoming one of the biggest treasures for the learners.
Decked are some of the latest mobile application development trends that are marking huge in market:
As more and more people and businesses are focusing on Mobile, a huge consumption of multimedia content, eCommerce website browsing, internet banking, web browsing, games, etc. is raised with the mobile devices. On the other hand, where a wide variety of these devices are available in the market, in this scenario responsive design is the very basic need for applications as well as for websites.
Advanced mobile app development
People need innovative apps for their Smartphone and that is why we need to develop those apps that can make sense. Sometimes app development takes time so that creative minds focusing to develop easy framework that can enhance the productivity of mobile app development. In India mobile app development is really one of the cool things for developers where they can shape their dream by their innovative concepts. An app is nothing without a cool concept or idea and mobile app development companies in India doing it for a long time for their clients all across the globe.
Cloud computing and cloud based mobile apps
This is one of the coolest concepts these days where many startups and well established names are working. Today people need cloud based apps like drop box. Many researches and development are done in this technology and mobile app developers in India working on these technologies.
Internet of things (IOT)
IOT is the hottest buzz in the Indian mobile app development market. Many companies are already working on the concept and connecting normal things with the worldwide internet. Internet of thing is among the highly demanded segments of the mobile app development market. A smart city or smart home is not possible without IOT concept, where innovative minds can connect out normal home appliances with the internet.
Wearable Technology refers to computers or electronic technologies that are integrated with items of accessories and clothing and this can be worn comfortably on the body. These wearable devices perform the same computing tasks as laptop computer and mobile phones; however, in some circumstances this technology can outperform these hand-held devices completely. This technology is more sophisticated as compared technology in the market today as it can provide sensory and scanning features that are generally seen in the laptop and mobile devices, like tracking and biofeedback of physiological function.
Enterprise mobile app development
Today not only a common man is using mobile apps for their day to day work but also big enterprises are working on mobile apps. Most of the big enterprises are centralizing their work and stuff on the mobile devices to increase the productivity. Enterprise mobile app development is highly adopted trend these days and most of the big enterprises and organization making mobile apps.
This is one of the most interesting as well as innovative concept. The latest buzz in the market is iBeacon. Apple has introduced iBeacon technology in iPhone's to empower it with the latest technology trend. Beacon technology works with Bluetooth and Wi-Fi signals where retailers and shop can provide the buying suggesting to the users.
Future of App Development
Well this is really a very critical discussion as India is a leading software development hub in the world and listed as one of the most innovative as well as cost effective IT service provider. There are huge possibilities in app development sector in India to make a successful career. As the number of Smartphone users are increasing day by day more and more useful apps are required. Today only three Smartphone OS are dominating the market respectively Android, iOS and Windows Phone. All these platforms have their own developer’s tools, APIS and code class Libraries. Developers can develop custom mobile apps and upload them to app stores. As more and more people taking smart phones hand in hand they need innovative mobile apps too. Everyday thousands of new Smartphone users are added in this list, which is why we need a huge number of innovative minds for mobile app development.