A Gujarat-born activist who led a campaign against low pay for women workers at a UK factory in the 1970s has made it the BBC's most influential women of the past 70 years list released today.
Jayaben Desai, known as the saree-clad leader of a two-year industrial action against the Grunwick Film Processing Laboratories in north London in 1976, was named among seven women chosen to mark the 70th anniversary of BBC Radio 4's 'Woman's Hour'. Ayesha Hazarika, an Indian-origin senior Labour party adviser, who was part of the panel that picked the one-off Power List, said
Jayaben was this tiny 4'8" woman in a saree who had dockers and postal workers from across the land coming to support her on the picket line. She made trade unions realise solidarity was not just for white working-class men, but spanned right across immigrants and women as well. So it was great to be able to shine a bit of light on her and her story, she added.
The repercussions of the strike are considered far reaching for British industrial relations. The list, which is topped by Margaret Thatcher - Britain's first female Prime Minister, also includes Barbara Castle, Labour MP for Blackburn who brought in the Equal Pay Act in 1970.
More controversial is the inclusion of a fictional woman on the list of seven Bridget Jones from Helen Fielding's Bridget Jones's Diary series on the travails of a British singleton, played on screen by Hollywood actress Rene Zellweger. Fielding said it was a "tremendous honour for Bridget and, of course, for me".
I hope it doesn't mean everyone's going to binge drink and eat Milk Tray late at night. I also hope there was something rather more profound going on, there's something in Bridget's nature which is very British which is ultimately quite decent, quite kind, quite resilient, not judgemental.
The others completing the list of seven, in no particular order, include Germaine Greer, an Australian writer recognised as one of the major voices of the feminist movement; Beyonce, American singer and songwriter; and Helen Brook, who set up the Brook Advisory Centres in 1964 offering contraceptive advice to unmarried women.
Also read : Meet the 6 women who are transforming India
In deciding on the final seven names, BBC said the judges considered a woman's body of work or her role as a catalyst for change over the past 70 years, as well as those having an impact today. The names were unveiled as part of a special Woman's Hour show aired on Wednesday morning and recorded at Buckingham Palace.
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- Buckingham Palace
- United Kingdom
- Prime Minister
- Margaret Thatcher
- Grunwick dispute
- Jayaben Desai
- BBC Radio
- Industrial relations
- BBC Radio 4
- Helen Brook
- Grunwick Film Processing Laboratories
- Ayesha Hazarika
- Bridget Jones
- Helen Fielding
- Germaine Greer
- Rene Zellweger
- Barbara Castle