The 104th Anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: A Day of Remembrance

As we commemorate the 104th anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, we pay homage to the victims and reflect on the impact this tragic event had on India's struggle for independence

The 104th Anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: A Day of Remembrance

Thursday April 13, 2023,

3 min Read

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, a tragic event that occurred on April 13, 1919, in Amritsar, Punjab, continues to be a poignant reminder of the brutalities inflicted upon the Indian people during the British colonial rule. The massacre marked a turning point in India's struggle for independence, as it intensified the nation's demand for self-governance and freedom from British oppression.


The massacre took place against the backdrop of the Rowlatt Act, a controversial piece of legislation enacted by the British colonial government in 1919. The Act empowered the government to arrest and detain Indian citizens without trial, sparking widespread protests and agitation across the nation. It was in this climate of unrest that a public gathering was organized at Jallianwala Bagh, a garden in Amritsar, to protest against the Act and express solidarity with the leaders arrested under its provisions.

The Massacre

On the fateful day of April 13, 1919, thousands of Indians gathered at Jallianwala Bagh, which was surrounded by high walls on all sides and had only a narrow entrance. Among the attendees were men, women, and children, many of whom had come to celebrate the spring festival of Baisakhi. The gathering was peaceful and nonviolent.

Unbeknownst to the protestors, Brigadier General Reginald Dyer, the British officer in charge of the Amritsar region, had decided to quell the gathering by force. As the protesters assembled, Dyer marched into Jallianwala Bagh with fifty armed soldiers and, without warning, ordered them to open fire on the crowd.

The soldiers continued firing for about ten minutes, leaving an estimated 379 people dead and more than a thousand injured. The massacre was an indiscriminate act of violence, with victims including men, women, and children. In the aftermath, General Dyer justified his actions, stating that they were necessary to maintain order and prevent further unrest.

Reactions and Consequences

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre shocked the world, sparking widespread outrage both in India and abroad. The brutal incident fueled India's struggle for independence, and many previously moderate nationalists adopted a more radical stance in their demand for self-governance.

In Britain, the massacre initially received support from some quarters, with General Dyer even being hailed as the "Savior of the Punjab." However, as the true extent of the atrocity became known, public opinion turned against Dyer, and he was eventually relieved of his command.


The Jallianwala Bagh massacre remains an indelible stain on the history of British colonial rule in India. The site of the massacre is now a memorial, visited by thousands of people every year to pay homage to those who lost their lives in the tragedy.

The incident serves as a sobering reminder of the horrors of colonialism and the sacrifices made by countless Indians in their fight for independence. Today, as we remember the victims of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, we are reminded of the importance of standing up for justice, freedom, and human rights.